The aim of this exposition is to introduce our visitors to traditional crafts, which were held in medieval monasteries as well as in medieval cities. Our visitors can see and explore authentic equipment of individual craft workshops and craft products, and try to create something him/herself.
The concept of this sub-exposition complements the historical arts and crafts exposition. It introduces traditional crafts held in medieval cities and monasteries. Craft workshops of various craft professions are a part of this sub-exposition. They are equipped with replicas of production tools, which are used by the craftsmen in the traditional production of various products in front of our visitors.
TAILOR´S AND THE COSTUME FUNDUS
The exposition takes our visitors to the tailor´s workshop. The basis for an attire of a regular medieval person was a simple linen under tunic (shirt, shroud). Other part of the attire was a shorter outer tunic, reaching down to the knees (skirt), which was draped so as not to obstruct movement or work, and girded with a woven or simple leather belt. The tunic was made out of cloth (that was home-woven and rougher than nobility´s cloth) and was called after the characteristic feature of un-dyed cloth – grey kilt (serge - šerka), or kirtle (kytlice) from firm, rough cloth.
The underwear was complemented by trousers – underpants, so-called bruchs – they were mostly wide, draped and reached down to the calves or ankles. In case of cold weather, the early-medieval peasant or craftsman wore simple trousers of various length over the bruchs, held tied under the knee or higher on the waist. Feet themselves were wrapped in strips of fabric - foot wraps (onuce). The nobility wore an overtunic over the under tunic – a representative tunic (dalmatic). The high nobility wore representative attire made of silk, brocade or velvet for special occasions.
A square cloak served as an overcloak. The female attire did not differ from male attire until the 13th century, when women started wearing fitted dresses with slim sleeves and wide skirt, while men´s kilt became a spencer with trousers.
Our visitors can learn about the historical evolution of clothing. A fundus of costumes with accessories is a part of the exposition as well as a changing room.
This exposition is barrier free
SADDLER, BAG MAKER AND SHOE MAKER
The exposition takes our visitors in a saddler workshop. Saddler were of utmost importance in the middle ages, having made the harnesses not only for riding horses (war and travel), but also for work horses alongside the bridler. The upswing of saddlers´ specialisation can be observed in the 14th century. Saddles were since the 13th century divided into saddles for battle, tournament or traveling.
Shoe making was a profession that has only just emerged in the middle-ages. It was mostly connected to the art of leather working and leather tanning. We know first shoe makers in Czech lands from the medieval period, who held special privileges. Among special shoe maker´s tools are the last, stitching awl, shoe-maker´s stool and special threads. Shoes with prolonged spikes were typical in more fashion conscious circles.
The bag maker worked with leather alongside the shoe maker and the saddler and his workshop is quite similar to those crafts as well.
This exposition is barrier-free.
This sub-exposition serves as an introduction of production of bread dough and its baking in the traditional bread oven. It had inner heating, closed with a clay and brick low flat arch. It was loaded with wood and bread through the front opening (čelesno), which partly let the smoke out as well. Holes in the arch served for fume extraction. Our visitors can see a functioning oven in an authentic bakery along with bakery equipment and replicas of tools such as scales, scuttles for bread, or bread shovels.
This exposition is barrier-free.
This sub-exposition introduces to the visitors the blacksmith craft along with other related crafts such as jeweller, sword-cutter, cutler and platter.
The blacksmithing long belonged to the most important fields of human work and its history reaches to antique times. The blacksmith was a universal wright who created a wide range of iron products. He made mostly iron tool parts, shoed horses and created all the iron products. Our visitors can see other related crafts such as chaising and coining. A functional equipment of the blacksmith workshop can be seen and our visitors can try making a simple iron product.
This exposition is not barrier-free.
Ceramic vessels were an indispensable part of any homestead. The villagers could buy ceramics in bigger towns with ceramic markets, or they procured it from a potter who worked in their or adjacent villages. Various marks were left at the bottoms of the vessels which functioned as ware signatures.
Pots from the 13th century show numerous marks, based on which they can be examined. The most frequent in the finds from 14th and 15th century is kitchen ceramic, which can, according to the purpose of the vessels, be divided into bowls, pots, goblets and cups, pitchers, jugs, plates, pans, tripods, lids and plugs.
Stove ceramic was usually made in the same workshop along with kitchen ware and is one of the most frequent medieval finds. It consists of tiles, smoke flues, vault cylinders and pots. The potter creates the pottery on a throw and fires it in the kiln.
The glass workshop introduces the visitors to the production of glass ware in an authentic environment. Glass making is a craft that has accompanied the mankind for more than five millennia.
Glass workshops were established outside the city walls in places with important resources such as siliceous sands in Šumava. In the old times, glass products and glassware were connected to the monasteries. As the glass fillings became commonplace in noble and townsmen households, the glass craftsmanship spread rapidly.
The glass maker creates glass pearls in the workshop and the visitors may test their own abilities and create one on their own.
Traditional book production.
KITCHEN OF THE 19th CENTURY
A room adjacent to the bakery serves as a model kitchen of the 19th century and as a space for leisure and relaxation for the visitors of workshops and seminars held in the monastery area.
The predecessor of the presented ´modern´ kitchen would be the so-called ´black kitchen´, which peaked in the 18th century Europe. The end of the black kitchen was connected to the emergence of draft chimneys, into which lead directly operated stoves or cookers. A dynamic change of the appearance and the equipment of kitchens happened due to new technical knowledge and inventions in the beginning of the 19th century. Iron stoves and cookers replaced cressets, because their channelled burning used the fire energy better and the food preparation was therefore made easier.
The first model of a cooker appeared in 1740, it was however designed only for food heating, not its preparation. Around 1800 a new model of a cooker appears that also allows for cooking, but it is too big and doesn´t find use in households. In 1834, a cooker for household was patented in the USA that was smaller and could fit into smaller kitchens. A cooker and a rich collection of replicas of historical tableware and utensils, used in the kitchen of the presented time period, can be found in the exposition.
This exposition is barrier-free.